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A Line Manager's Guide to Conducting Effective One-to-One Meetings

As line managers, you play a pivotal role in developing the potential of your team and guiding them toward peak performance. Gone are the days of rigid, top-down management styles. Today, organisations recognise the immense value of nurturing individual talents and having open communication between managers and their team members. One-to-one meetings are at the heart of creating a culture of trust, collaboration, and continuous improvement.

In this guide, we will explore the importance of one-to-one meetings and the benefits they offer both line managers and employees. We will also look at the various forms that these meetings can take, ranging from regular check-ins to career development discussions. The main aim is to help you really understand how to plan and conduct effective one-to-one meetings.

one-to-one meeting

Communication lies at the heart of these interactions, and this guide will equip you with the necessary tools to be an active listener and empathetic communicator. You will learn how to use constructive feedback, set goals, and recognise achievements, and the impact of good quality one-to-ones on motivation and engagement within your team.

Furthermore, you will also learn best practices for documenting meeting outcomes and how to ensure that feedback and progress are communicated effectively after each session.

While one-to-one meetings present invaluable opportunities for growth and development, they also come with their share of challenges. We will address common obstacles faced by line managers and provide practical solutions to overcome them. From time constraints to managing difficult conversations, this guide aims to equip you with the confidence and skills needed to navigate these scenarios with confidence.

Why are one-to-one meetings important?

The simplest way to answer this question is by looking at what will happen if you do not have one-to-one meetings. Employees that have little connection with their immediate Line Manager will find it difficult to understand what is expected of them and therefore will not perform to their best ability. They will be less likely to contribute ideas or be flexible when asked. Here are a few ways that one-to-one meetings make a difference:

Building trust

One-to-one meetings provide a dedicated and confidential space for employees to interact with their managers. By engaging in open and honest conversations, managers demonstrate their genuine interest in their well-being, concerns, and aspirations. This creates trust and strengthens the bond between the manager and the employee, creating a positive and supportive work environment.

Promoting open communication and feedback

Regular one-to-one meetings facilitate ongoing communication channels, enabling employees to express their thoughts, ideas, and concerns directly to their managers. This open dialogue encourages a culture of transparency, where employees feel comfortable sharing both their successes and challenges. In turn, managers can provide timely and constructive feedback, guiding employees on their professional journey.

Identifying and addressing individual needs and concerns

Every employee has unique strengths, weaknesses, and aspirations. One-to-one meetings offer an opportunity to understand employees on a personal level, enabling managers to identify individual needs and concerns. By recognising and addressing these specific requirements, managers can provide tailored support, leading to higher job satisfaction and improved performance.

Improving employee engagement and job satisfaction

Employees who feel valued and appreciated are more likely to be engaged and committed to their work. One-to-one meetings give managers the chance to express recognition and appreciation for their contributions. This positive reinforcement boosts employee morale, leading to increased job satisfaction and a deeper sense of fulfillment in their roles.

Enhancing performance and productivity

One-to-one meetings serve as a platform to set clear expectations, discuss goals, and provide regular feedback on performance. Managers can work collaboratively with employees to create actionable plans for improvement and development. By addressing challenges and providing necessary resources, managers empower their team members to perform at their best, ultimately driving productivity and achieving organisational objectives.

Different Forms of One-to-One Meetings

Different teams will have different needs and so the forms of the one-to-one meetings might be different depending on what is appropriate. Your organisation may have a policy on what is expected of you, or you may be expected to manage your team meetings with full autonomy. Here are a few different forms of meetings to be aware of:

Regular Weekly or Bi-weekly Meetings

These meetings are scheduled on a frequent basis, either weekly or bi-weekly, between managers and their team members. The primary focus is to maintain ongoing communication and collaboration. These regular check-ins can be informal and might take the form of team briefings but where possible, managers are encouraged to have these regular meetings as one-to-ones so that employees have the opportunity to discuss things that they would not otherwise discuss in front of their colleagues (and vice-versa).

Topics may include progress updates, goal setting, addressing challenges, and providing feedback. These regular meetings help build rapport and trust, keeping employees on track and engaged in their work. Employees feel valued and are able to understand any changing priorities or new urgencies that have cropped up. Employees also understand the bigger picture much better and where they fit in.

Monthly Check-ins

Monthly check-ins are slightly less frequent than weekly or bi-weekly meetings but still maintain regularity. These meetings offer a broader perspective on performance and progress. Managers and employees can discuss achievements, areas for improvement, and career aspirations. Monthly check-ins provide a balanced approach to staying connected without overwhelming either party.

If Line Managers conduct regular weekly or bi-weekly meetings, the monthly check-in could be the more formal recorded culmination of the discussions throughout that month, rounding off with a plan for the month ahead.

Performance and Development Review Meetings (Appraisals)

These meetings typically occur annually or six-monthly and serve as a formal evaluation of an employee's performance. Managers review their team member's achievements, strengths, and areas needing improvement. It also provides an opportunity to discuss development plans, training needs, and long-term career objectives. Performance and development review meetings are instrumental in guiding employee growth and aligning individual goals with organisational objectives.

Often, these meetings might end with an appraisal (a performance rating) that is linked to the annual pay review. It is therefore important that the right level of time and effort is given to the meeting as the outcome could affect the employee’s career and earning potential.

Career Development Discussions

Career development discussions are focused explicitly on an employee's career progression. Managers and employees explore potential career paths within the organisation, identifying skills and experiences required to reach their goals. These meetings involve setting developmental goals and discussing opportunities for advancement, allowing employees to envision a long-term career trajectory within the company.

These meetings might also be part of a Succession Planning activity in which case it is important to manage expectations as development may not always lead to immediate promotion or other opportunity.

Problem-Solving Meetings

Problem-solving meetings are held when specific challenges or issues arise within a project, task, or work dynamic. Managers and employees collaborate to identify the root causes of the problem and brainstorm potential solutions. These meetings encourage proactive approaches to overcome obstacles and enhance teamwork rather than deal with underperformance or conduct issues.

Where it is suspected that the problem is down to a single person not performing their tasks to the right standard or expectation, this should be discussed using the organisation’s performance or disciplinary process as the framework which will lead to a personalised Performance Improvement Plan (PIP).

Onboarding and Orientation Meetings

Onboarding and orientation meetings are held during a new employee's initial days or weeks with the organisation. Managers use these meetings to introduce the company culture, values, policies, and their respective roles. This helps new employees climatise to their surroundings, understand expectations, and feel welcomed into the team.

Research has given us understanding that a poor onboarding experience can lead to the employee feeling disorientated and perhaps even thinking that they have made a mistake joining the organisation. This can lead to lower productivity, inefficiencies, low morale and higher employee turnover. According to a report by Brandon Hall Group “Organizations with a strong onboarding process improve new hire retention by 82% and productivity by over 70%.

Planning One-to-One Meetings

Arguably, the most important part of managing your one-to-one meetings is preparing in advance and knowing what it is that you will cover and what resources you have available to you to be able to have meaningful conversations without setting expectations that you cannot deliver on. Here are some considerations:

Scheduling and frequency


Set a regular schedule for one-to-one meetings to establish a routine. Consistency builds trust and demonstrates your commitment to employees' growth and development.


Determine the appropriate frequency of meetings based on employee needs and workload. Weekly or bi-weekly meetings work well for ongoing communication, while monthly or quarterly meetings may suffice for less time-sensitive matters.


Allocate sufficient time for each meeting to ensure meaningful discussions. Avoid rushing through the agenda and allow for open dialogue.


Be open to adjusting meeting schedules when necessary to accommodate urgent matters or unforeseen circumstances.

Setting clear objectives and agenda


Define the purpose of each one-to-one meeting. Whether it's discussing performance, addressing concerns, or setting goals, clear objectives provide direction for the conversation.


Share the meeting agenda with employees in advance to allow them to prepare and contribute meaningfully. This also ensures that essential topics are covered during the allotted time.

Goal Alignment

Align meeting objectives with broader organisational or career goals to emphasise their relevance and significance.

Creating a comfortable and private environment


Choose a suitable and private meeting space where employees feel at ease sharing their thoughts openly.


Minimise distractions during the meeting, such as phone calls or interruptions, to maintain focus and create a conducive environment.

Active Listening

Demonstrate active listening and empathy to make employees feel heard and valued.

Conducting Effective One-to-One Meetings

Once you have prepared for the meeting with your team member you should be feeling confident about what you are going to discuss. There are a few things to be aware of so you can make sure that the meetings are as effective and collaborative as they can be:

Active Listening and Empathetic Communication


Pay full attention to the employee, maintain eye contact, and avoid distractions to demonstrate active listening.


Put yourself in the employee's shoes to understand their perspective, emotions, and challenges without judgment.

Verbal and Non-verbal cues

Use verbal affirmations and nodding to show engagement and employ appropriate body language to convey empathy and support.

Asking open-ended questions and avoiding assumptions

Open-ended Questions

Encourage meaningful conversations by asking questions that prompt detailed responses, leading to deeper insights.


Approach discussions with a curious mindset, avoiding assumptions and allowing employees to share their thoughts freely.

Providing constructive feedback and praise

Constructive Criticism

Deliver feedback in a constructive manner, focusing on specific behaviours and providing suggestions for improvement. If you suspect the employee might become defensive, prepare some evidence that you can share in the meeting so they can understand your perspective better, include the impact of the issue so that the employee can see it is not just nit-picking.

Balanced Feedback

Balance areas of improvement with recognition of accomplishments to maintain motivation and a positive outlook.

Addressing concerns and challenges collaboratively

Non-judgmental Approach

Create a safe space for employees to express concerns without fear of reprisal or judgment.


Collaborate with employees to identify solutions to challenges, involving them in the decision-making process.

Discussing career aspirations and growth opportunities


Understand employees' career aspirations and long-term goals, aligning them with potential growth opportunities within the organisation.

Development Plans

Develop personalised career development plans to help employees progress in their desired direction.

Setting SMART goals and expectations


Set clear and specific goals, outlining what needs to be achieved and by when.


Define objective criteria for measuring progress and success.


Ensure that goals are realistic and attainable, considering employees' capabilities and available resources.


Align goals with individual and organisational objectives to maximise impact.


Set deadlines to create a sense of urgency and motivation but make sure they are also achievable in the timescale.

Recognising and appreciating employee contributions

Timely Recognition

Acknowledge and appreciate employee contributions promptly to reinforce positive behaviour.

Personalised Appreciation

Tailor recognition to individual preferences, considering each employee's unique strengths and efforts.

Public and Private Acknowledgment

Offer both public recognition and private appreciation to affirm employees' value.

Following Up on One-to-One Meetings

Before finishing your meeting, it is important to agree the action points and when you will next meet (if not already scheduled). You can then prepare your follow-up to confirm the discussion and next steps. Here are some helpful tips on how to follow up and what to do between meetings to maintain momentum:

Documenting meeting notes and action items

Comprehensive Notes

Take detailed meeting notes to record key discussion points, decisions made, and action items assigned to both the manager and the employee.

Clarity and Accuracy

Ensure the notes accurately reflect the content of the meeting to avoid misunderstandings and misinterpretations later on.


Share the meeting notes with the employee to promote transparency and accountability for the agreed-upon action items.

Communicating progress and feedback after the meeting

Timely Follow-up

After the meeting, provide timely updates on progress made towards the action items and goals discussed during the one-to-one meeting.

Constructive Feedback

Offer feedback on the employee's efforts and performance, acknowledging achievements and providing guidance for improvement if needed.

Continuous Support

Demonstrate ongoing support and availability for further discussions or assistance, reinforcing the manager-employee relationship.

Encouraging continuous feedback and communication

Open-door Policy

Encourage employees to approach you with any questions, concerns, or feedback they may have, creating a culture of open communication.

Regular Check-ins

Besides formal one-to-one meetings, make yourself available for informal check-ins to address issues in real-time and prevent potential bottlenecks.

Listening Actively

Actively listen to employee feedback and suggestions, showing that their opinions are valued and taken into consideration.

Evaluating the effectiveness of the one-to-one meetings

It is important to take time to reflect how well the meetings are going and if your style of managing one-to-ones is achieving the desired results. Here is what you can do:

Feedback from Employees

Seek feedback from employees about their perception of the one-to-one meetings, ensuring they find the meetings valuable and beneficial.

Meeting Objectives

Assess whether the meetings are achieving their intended objectives, such as creating trust, addressing concerns, and promoting professional growth.

Adapting and Improving

Use feedback and evaluation results to make necessary adjustments to the meeting format, frequency, or content to enhance their effectiveness.

Overcoming Common Challenges

As with all aspects of line management, there will of course be times that conducting meaningful one-to-ones will be a challenge. Here are some common issues you may face and how to overcome them:

Time constraints and scheduling conflicts


Be mindful of employees' schedules and workload and prioritise one-to-one meetings to ensure they receive the attention they deserve.


Be open to adjusting meeting times or formats when conflicts arise, demonstrating understanding and respect for employees' time.


Establish a regular meeting schedule to ensure consistent communication, even if occasional rescheduling is necessary.

Dealing with sensitive or difficult conversations


Prepare for difficult conversations in advance, anticipating potential challenges and how to approach them constructively.

Active Listening

Listen attentively and empathetically to employees' concerns, showing understanding and compassion.

Focus on Solutions

Instead of dwelling on the problem, focus on finding solutions collaboratively to address sensitive issues. Avoid blame even if you think the employee might be at fault. Seek to understand their perspective before drawing any conclusions about the issue.

Motivating disengaged employees

Identify Root Causes

Understand the reasons behind employees' disengagement, whether it's due to personal issues, job dissatisfaction, or lack of growth opportunities.

Recognise and Appreciate

Acknowledge employees' efforts and contributions, providing positive reinforcement to boost motivation.

Set Meaningful Goals

Collaborate with employees to set achievable and meaningful goals, where possible aligning their interests with organisational objectives.

Balancing individual and team goals

Individual Development Plans

Create personalised development plans that align individual aspirations with team and organisational goals.

Team Alignment

Communicate the importance of individual contributions to the team's success, emphasising the interdependence of individual and team achievements.

Regular Team Meetings

Hold team meetings to discuss progress, encourage collaboration, and ensure that individual efforts contribute to overall team performance.

Best Practices for Line Managers

Being a Line Manager can be a very rewarding role, but it takes time to become the type of Line Manager that you know you want to be. You want the team to do well, and you can feel very let down when employees under your span of control do not achieve the results that you expect, despite all the support that you have given them. Emotion can get in the way of you responding to situations well and it takes practice to come across calm. You can practice the following:

Being approachable and accessible to employees

Welcoming Demeanour

Display a friendly and approachable demeanour, making employees feel comfortable and at ease when discussing matters with you. Smile, even when you feel frustrated. Often by painting on a smile it can genuinely lift your mood!


Be accessible to employees, whether it's through regular one-to-one meetings, informal check-ins, or digital communication channels. Don’t ignore anybody because you are busy, you will likely be even more busy if you do! Instead, acknowledge their need, and if necessary, arrange a time when you can give them your focus.

Encouraging a culture of open communication and trust

Lead by Example

Demonstrate open communication and transparency in your own interactions, setting a positive example for employees to follow.

Active Listening

Listen actively to employees' thoughts and concerns, create trust by showing that their opinions are valued and respected.

Constructive Feedback

Provide feedback in a constructive and supportive manner, encouraging a culture where feedback is seen as a tool for growth.

Seeking professional development as a manager

Continuous Learning

Emphasise the importance of continuous learning and growth, both for employees and yourself as a manager.

Skill Enhancement

Seek opportunities for professional development, such as workshops, courses, or coaching, to enhance your managerial skills and leadership abilities.

Leading by Example

Show that you are committed to self-improvement and lifelong learning, inspiring employees to invest in their own development.

In conclusion, the significance of conducting one-to-one meetings with precision and care cannot be overstated. When done well, these interactions serve as the bedrock for creating trust, building robust employee-manager relationships, and driving individual and team success. Engaging in active listening, empathetic communication, and providing constructive feedback lays the groundwork for a culture of open communication and collaboration. Tailoring meetings to individual needs and aspirations empowers employees to reach their full potential and align their personal growth with organisational objectives. Moreover, the consistent encouragement of professional development reaffirms a commitment to excellence, inspiring employees to invest in their own growth.

Conversely, the repercussions of neglecting one-to-one meetings are significant. Without proper attention, communication gaps may widen, leading to misunderstandings, disengagement, and reduced productivity. Employees may feel undervalued, unappreciated, and disconnected from the organisation's mission. In the absence of meaningful feedback and guidance, performance stagnates, and development opportunities diminish. Ultimately, this can lead to increased turnover, a decline in team morale, and a negative impact on overall organisational performance.

As line managers, the responsibility to conduct effective one-to-one meetings is both an art and a science. By embracing these interactions with sincerity and dedication, you can unlock the true potential of your team, creating an environment where employees thrive, and organisational goals are achieved with excellence. Embracing the power of one-to-one meetings, you pave the way for a vibrant, cohesive, and high-performing team that fuels the success of your organisation now and into the future.


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